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Licensed Program Participation Rules and Densities

Licensed Program Participation Rules and Densities, 2019+ Show
State/Locality Licensed center-based program density Licensed center-based program participation rule Licensed family child care program density Licensed family child care program participation rule
Alaska 41% Voluntary 31%

Voluntary

Arizona 35% Voluntary 10% Voluntary
Arkansas 63% Mandatory if serving children receiving subsidies 49% Mandatory if serving children receiving subsidies
California 24% Voluntary 5%

Voluntary

Colorado 100% Licensed programs enrolled at the first level 100% Licensed programs enrolled at the first level
Delaware 84% Mandatory if receiving other funding 20% Mandatory if receiving other funding
District of Columbia 48% Mandatory if serving children receiving subsidies 49% Mandatory if serving children receiving subsidies
Florida Duval 93% Voluntary 76%

Voluntary

Florida Miami-Dade 84% Voluntary 16% Voluntary
Florida Palm Beach NR Voluntary NR Voluntary
Georgia* 48% Voluntary 29% Voluntary
Idaho 20% Voluntary 4% Voluntary
Illinois 100% Licensed programs enrolled at the first level 100% Licensed programs enrolled at the first level
Indiana 89% Mandatory if receiving other funding 71% Mandatory if receiving other funding
Iowa 48% Voluntary 23%

Voluntary

Kentucky^ 60% Mandatory if receiving other funding 50% Mandatory if receiving other funding
Louisiana NR Mandatory if serving children receiving subsidies; Mandatory if receiving other funding N/A N/A
Maine 66% Mandatory if serving children receiving subsidies; Mandatory if receiving other funding 48% Mandatory if serving children receiving subsidies; Mandatory if receiving other funding
Maryland 69% Mandatory if serving children receiving subsidies 39% Mandatory if serving children receiving subsidies
Massachusetts 41% Mandatory if serving children receiving subsidies; Mandatory if receiving other funding 57% Mandatory if serving children receiving subsidies; Mandatory if receiving other funding
Michigan 63% Mandatory if receiving other funding 42% Mandatory if receiving other funding
Minnesota 42% Voluntary 15% Voluntary
Montana 44% Voluntary 19% Voluntary
Nebraska NR Voluntary NR

Voluntary

Nevada NR Mandatory if serving children receiving subsidies; Mandatory if receiving other funding NR Mandatory if serving children receiving subsidies; Mandatory if receiving other funding
New Hampshire 100% Licensed programs enrolled at the first level 100% Licensed programs enrolled at the first level
New Jersey 3% Voluntary 2% Voluntary
New Mexico 100% Licensed programs enrolled at the first level 100% Licensed programs enrolled at the first level
New York 2% Voluntary 1% Voluntary
North Carolina 100% Licensed programs enrolled at the first level 100% Licensed programs enrolled at the first level
North Dakota 41% Voluntary 7% Voluntary
Ohio* 59% Voluntary 80% Voluntary
Oklahoma 100% Licensed programs enrolled at the first level 100% Licensed programs enrolled at the first level
Oregon 100% Licensed programs enrolled at the first level 100% Licensed programs enrolled at the first level
Pennsylvania 100% Licensed programs enrolled at the first level 100% Licensed programs enrolled at the first level
Rhode Island 79% Mandatory if serving children receiving subsidies; Mandatory if receiving other funding 83% Mandatory if serving children receiving subsidies; Mandatory if receiving other funding
South Carolina 51% Mandatory if serving children receiving subsidies 26% Mandatory if serving children receiving subsidies
Tennessee 100% Licensed programs enrolled at the first level 100% Licensed programs enrolled at the first level
Texas 15% Voluntary 3% Voluntary
Utah 34% Mandatory if serving children receiving subsidies N/A N/A
Vermont 100% Licensed programs enrolled at the first level 100% Licensed programs enrolled at the first level
Virginia 30% Voluntary 15% Voluntary
Washington 47% Mandatory if serving children receiving subsidies; Mandatory if receiving other funding 40% Mandatory if serving children receiving subsidies; Mandatory if receiving other funding
Wisconsin 84% Mandatory if serving children receiving subsidies; Mandatory if receiving other funding 69% Mandatory if serving children receiving subsidies; Mandatory if receiving other funding
Total  

Voluntary: 18 QRIS

Licensed programs enrolled at the first level: 10 QRIS

Mandatory if serving children receiving subsidies: 12 QRIS+

Mandatory if receiving other funding: 11 QRIS+

 

Voluntary: 18 QRIS

Licensed programs enrolled at the first level: 10 QRIS

Mandatory if serving children receiving subsidies: 10 QRIS+

Mandatory if receiving other funding: 10 QRIS+

*Note: OH and GA’s QRIS are transitioning to require programs serving children receiving subsidies to participate. This policy will be in full effect in both states in July 2020.

^Note: KY’s QRIS profile was last updated in 2017.

+Note: Seven QRIS have overlapping requirements and require licensed centers to participate if they serve children receiving subsidies and if they receive public funding. Louisiana does not include licensed family child care programs in the QRIS, so there are six QRIS with overlapping requirements for licensed FCC programs.

QRIS may have voluntary participation or they may mandate participation for some or all providers. This table lists each QRIS and indicates whether programs:

  • may participate voluntarily,
  • are enrolled at the first level if licensed,
  • must participate if the program serves children receiving subsidies, or
  • must participate if the program receives other funding streams (e.g. public pre-kindergarten funding).

QRIS that enroll licensed providers at the first level typically consider participation at the higher levels of the QRIS as voluntary.

Density of participation measures the percentage of eligible programs participating in a QRIS. Density is calculated by dividing the number of rated programs by the total number of eligible licensed center-based and licensed family child care (FCC) programs within the state or locality. Ten QRIS enroll licensed center-based programs and licensed FCC programs at the first level. For the purposes of comparison across QRIS, Child Trends adjusted each of these QRIS to have a participation density of 100 percent. However, these QRIS may also track the density of programs that are rated at higher levels of the QRIS to indicate the proportion of programs engaging in quality improvement activities.

For users interested in viewing the data as the state originally indicated it and our reasons for altering the data, please see the 2019 Participation Data Changes Spreadsheet.