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Types of indicators

What are the most common types of indicators included in QIS?

QIS Indicator Types for Center- and Home-Based ECE Programs


Indicators  Center-Based ECE 

Home-Based ECE

44 43
86% 88%
Staff qualifications and training
84% 86%
82% 77%
73% 74%
Family partnerships and leadership
73% 72%
Child assessment
73% 70%
Program administration, management, and leadership  73% 70%
Health and Safety 
66% 70%
Provisions for children with special
57% 63%
Ratio and group size 



Continuous quality improvement

50% 49%
Community involvement 50% 47%
Cultural/linguistic diversity 43% 44%
41% 35%
41% 35%
Staff compensation and benefits 
36% --

Culturally responsive curriculum

11% 2%

Cultural relevance

9% 9%

Culturally responsive assessment

7% 2%

Linguistically responsive curriculum

7% 0%

Linguistically responsive assessment

2% 0%

--Not asked of home-based programs

In 2021, 44 QIS included indicators for centers and 43 included indicators for FCCs. Of these, the most common type of indicators for center-based programs and FCCs were environment (86% and 88%, respectively) and staff qualifications and training (84% and 86%, respectively).

Across indicators, there were several differences between centers and homes. The two biggest differences were in culturally responsive curriculum and linguistically responsive curriculum. Eleven percent of QIS had culturally responsive curriculum as an indicator for centers, and two percent reported the indicator for homes. Similarly, 7% of QIS reported linguistically responsive curriculum for centers and no QIS reported it for homes.

Note that the staff compensation and benefits question was not asked for home-based programs because it refers to benefits that are particular to centers alone.